Baynton-Williams Gallery: Fine Antiquarian Maps and Prints

Saxton map of Durham

Saxton map of Durham
 
Christopher Saxton.
The County Palatine and Bishoprick of Durham Described by C. Saxton and Amended with Additions by P: Lea.
[London: Philip Lea, c.1693.]
Engraving with outline colour on the county borders only.  380 x 490mm. 
A later printing of the first printed map of Durham, engraved by Augustinus Ryther in 1576. The map has been updated giving an entirely different appearance to the map. : the original title has been replaced by a plan of Durham, taken from the county map by John Speed; the arms of Queen Elizabeth have been changed to those of Charles I; and the arms of Thomas Seckford, the original sponsor, are covered by the new title.
There are numerous geographical additions to place names to the neighbouring counties: many more hills have been added to Westmoreland; names of wards are now included; and outside the border at the top and the left side graticules are added with letters.
There was a proposed edition of the map in 1665, when these changes were made. Close examination shows a mitre added to Durham and a cross added to each of the market towns, added circa 1689. In the edition of c.1693, the title was altered to the current title. Beneath this title can be seen the partial erasure of the previous one. The principal roads are shown, taken from John Ogilby's Britannia, which would have made the atlas very much more desirable. At Weardale (spelt Weredale) a tent is added.
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