|Rapin & Tindal.|
Plan of the City and Castle of Alicant, Besieged by the Chevalier d'Asfeldt, Nov. 30th 1708 and surrendered by capitulation Apr. 19th 1709.
J. Basire sculp. For Mr Tindal's Continuation of Mr Rapin's History of England. [1750.]
Engraving Image 385 x 475mm. Trimmed left margin, some repairs to folds.
The siege of Alicante, which lasted for 109 days during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14).
The war was triggered by the ascension of Philip V to the Spanish throne following the death of the childless Charles II, last of the Spanish Habsburgs. As Philip was the grandson of the French Bourbon King Louis XIV (The Sun King) the rest of Europe was concerned that Philip could become king of both France and Spain, creating an unstoppable superpower. Alicante supported Philip's rival, Archduke Charles (or Charles III, later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI) and the Allies easily took the Citadel in 1706. However the city and citadel were taken back by Claude François Bidal, marquis d'Asfeld, as shown here. After nearly 15 years of war, the Peace of Utrecht confirmed Philip as king of Spain, following his renunciation of any claim to the French throne.
Engraved by J.Basire for Mr. Tindal's Continuation of Mr. Rapin's History of England. Published c. 1750.
Nicolas Tindal (1687-1774) was Rector of Alverstoke in Hampshire, Vicar of Great Waltham, Essex, Chaplain of Greenwich Hospital and a Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford. He translated Frenchman Paul de Rapin's History of England, one of the few comprehensive histories written at that time. Tindal then wrote a three-volume 'Continuation', including the reigns of James II to George II.
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